A statistical profile of minors charged for political expression and protest, 2020-2021

*Last updated on April 7, 2021/12.00 PM

According to the TLHR database on juvenile prosecution (from 2020 onwards), at least 33 young people from among 34 cases have been prosecuted for political expression and protest.

So far, 23 youths have experienced detention without arrest warrants from the police. There were 6 youths filed with Section 112 of the Thai Criminal Code or the “lèse-majesté” law. The complaints pertaining to royal defamation were initiated by fellow citizens.

No.Date of incidentIncriminating offenseName of the alleged offenderCharge(s)Case status
1
September 10, 2020 
Joining the #PeopleofNonthaburiAgainstAuthoritarians rally (in Thai: #คนนนท์ไม่ทนเผด็จการ)   at Nonthaburi Pier 
Thanakorn [surname withheld] 

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the “Sedition” law, or Section 116 of the Criminal Code
Acknowledge a charge at Muang Nonthaburi Police Station on December 8, 2020 
2
September 28, 2020
Joining the #WeAreLookingForTheBigBoss rally (in Thai: #ตามหานาย) in front of the gates of the 4th Cavalry Division King’s Guard
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the Public Assembly Act
Violation of the emergency decree 
Acknowledged charges at Phayathai Police Station on November 4, 2020 
3
October 13, 2020
Joining the #KhanaRatsadonIsaan rally (in Thai: #คณะราษฎรอีสาน) at Democracy Monument, prior to the major October 14 rally
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the emergency decree 
Was detained without a warrant of arrest on October 13, 2020 
4
October 15, 2020 
Joining the #AtRatchaprasongOnOctober15 rally (in Thai: #15ตุลาไปราชประสงค์) at Ratchaprasong intersection
1. Lopnaphat Wangsit (aka “Min” from the “Bad Student” group)

2.Kanapod Yeamsanguansak (aka “Phum”, a 16-year-old member of the “Free Student” group)  

3. Benjamaporn Nivas (aka “Ploy”, a 16-year-old member from the “Bad Student” group) 

 

Violation of  the Severe State of Emergency Decree
Acknowledged a charge at Lumpini Police Station  on November 30, 2020
5
October 16, 2020
Joining the #AtPathumwanIntOnOctober16 rally (in Thai: #16ตุลาไปแยกปทุมวัน) at Pathumwan intersection 
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of  the Severe State of Emergency Decree
Acknowledged a charge at Pathumwan Police Station on December 7, 2020 
6
October 25, 2020 
Joining the #Oct25ToRatchaprasong rally (in Thai: #ม็อบ25ตุลา สี่แยกราชประสงค์)
Mimi (a 17-year-old youth) 
Violation of the Public Assembly Act
Violation of the emergency decree 
Acknowledged charges at Lumpini Police Station on January 13, 2021 
7
October 29, 2020
Partaking in ‘Commoners’ Runway’ at the #Oct29 rally, in front of the Sri Maha Mariamman Temple, Silom
Saichon [name changed for confidentiality reasons]
(a 16-year-old youth) 
Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law 
Acknowledged a charge at Yannawa Police Station on December 17, 2020 
8
November 1st, 2020 
Joining the #Nov1st rally (in Thai: #ม็อบ1พฤศจิกา) at Udom Suk and Bang Na intersections 
Thanakorn [surname withheld] 

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the emergency decree 
Acknowledge a charge at Bang Na Police Station on November 30, 2020 
9
December 6, 2020
Joining the #Dec6 rally (in Thai: #ม็อบ6ธันวา) at Wongwian Yai 
Thanakorn [surname withheld] 

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law 
Acknowledge a charge at Buppharam Police Station on January 11, 2021

Was brought to the Juvenile Court to issue a detention warrant before granted bail with a surety of 5,000 baht in cash

10
December 31, 2020
Joined other We Volunteer (WeVo) protest guards in organising a shrimp sale at the #GrillingShrimp rally, Sanam Luang. The event was intended to help shrimp vendors affected by COVID-19.
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the emergency decree  
Violation of the Sound Amplifier Act 
Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 
Was arrested without a warrant on December 31, 2020 
11
December 31, 2020
Joined other We Volunteer (WeVo) protest guards in organizing a shrimp sale at the #GrillingShrimp rally, Sanam Luang. 
Pleum [name changed for confidentiality reasons]
(a 17-year-old youth)
Violation of the emergency decree  
Violation of the Sound Amplifier Act 
Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 
Was arrested without a warrant on December 31, 2020 
12
December 20, 2020 
Joined the #LetsWearCropTops parade (in Thai: #แต่งครอปท็อป) at Siam Paragon shopping mall 
Thanakorn [surname withheld]
 (a 17-year-old youth)
Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law 
Already acknowledged charges at Pathumwan Police Station on January 20, 2021
13
December 20, 2020 
Joined the #LetsWearCropTops parade  at Siam Paragon shopping mall 
“Nat”, a 17-year-old youth
Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law 
Already acknowledged charges at Pathumwan Police Station on January 20, 2021
14
January 24, 2021
Posting a sticker #Repeal112 at Democracy Monument
“Nat”, a 17-year-old youth
Violation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the Country
Paying 2,000 baht fine to police at Samranrat Police Station
15
December 31, 2020
Hanging the cloth banner #Repeal112 in front of the Crown Property Bureau and Giant Swing
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the Country
Paying 2,000 baht fine to police at Samsen Police Station on January 26, 2021
16
January 14, 2021
Joining the mass at Klong Luang Police Station after the arrest of Sirichai according to the warrant in lese majeste charge 
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Violation of the Emergency Decree

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 

Contempt of Cop

Already acknowledged charges at Khlong Luang Police Station on February 5, 2021
17
January 15, 2021
Joining the mass at Klong Luang Police Station to cheer up “Dave Chayapol” who was reportedly to receive arrest warrants
Saichon [name changed for confidentiality reasons]

(a 16-year-old youth) 

Violation of the emergency decree

Violation of the Sound Amplifier Act

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 

Contempt of Cop

Violation of Section 215 of Thai Criminal Code “Assembly of ten persons or more to threaten or do an act of violence”

Already acknowledged charges at Khlong Luang Police Station on February 5, 202
18
February 1, 2021
Joining the protest against the coup in Myanmar in front of the Embassy of Myanmar 
“Nat”, a 17-year-old youthViolation of Section 215 of Thai Criminal Code with the second paragraph “Assembly of ten persons or more to threaten or do an act of violence while persons are armed with a weapon”

Section 138 of Thai Criminal Code with Section 140 “Altogether resist or obstruct the officials on duty”

Section 296 of Thai Criminal Code “Altogether assault the officials on duty which causing a physical or psychological harm”

Violation of the emergency decree

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 

Already acknowledged charges at Yannawa Police Station on February 19, 2021
19
 
February 10, 2021
 
Joining the #Feb10Rally #BangingPotsandPanstoExpelDictators at Pathumwan Intersection
 
Phum Hua Lamphong

(a 17-year-old youth)

Owning an illegal handheld transceiver 
Arrested without a warrant on February 10, 2021
 
Fifa, a 16-year-old minorOwning an illegal handheld transceiver 
20
January

15, 2021

Joining the #Jan16Rally to call for the release of #FreeYouthGuards at Samyan
Thanakorn [surname withheld] 
(a 17-year-old youth)

 

Violation of the emergency decree

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 

Already acknowledged charges at Pathumwan Police Station on February 23, 2021
 
21
28 February

2021

Joining the #Feb28Rally from the Victory Monument to the house of General Prayut Chan-o-cha, 1st Infantry Battalion
Saichon [name changed for confidentiality reasons]
(a 16-year-old youth) 

 

 

 

 

P [name changed for confidentiality reasons]

(a 15-year-old youth)

 

C [name changed for confidentiality reasons]

(a 16-year-old youth)

 

Guy [name changed for confidentiality reasons]

(a 16-year-old youth)

Violation of the emergency decree

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act 

Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”

Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”

Section 140 of Criminal Code “Threatening an official”

Section 296 of Criminal Code “Committing bodily harm”

Arrested without a warrant on February 28, 2021

Was brought to the Juvenile Court to issue a detention warrant before granted bail with a surety of 15,000 baht in cash

Arrested without a warrant on February 28, 2021

 

Was brought to the Juvenile Court to issue a detention warrant before granted bail without a surety

If there is breach, the parents sahll be fined 5,000 baht.

 

 

 

22
 

6 March 2021

 
 

Arrest of We Volunteer and people at the Major Ratchayothin Shopping Mall before #6MarchRally

 
 

D (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

 

 

 

Mongkol (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

 
 

The Emergency Decree

 

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act

 

Section 209 of Thai Criminal Code “Member of Secrete Society”

 

Section 210 of Thai Criminal Code “Conspiracy”

 

 

Was arrested without a warrant on March 6, 2020

 

On 6 March 2020, parents picked him up and would take him at Central Juvenile and Family Court on 7 March 2020 in order to examine the arrest.

The Court granted bail with a surety of 5,000 baht in cash.

 
23
8 Feb 2021 

The #8FebRally against the coup in front of Embassy of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Phum HualamphongThe Emergency Decree

Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act

Section 138 Resisting Official in Due Exercise of Official Duty 

 

Section 136 insulting an official in the execution of his or her duty 

Acknowledge the charge already at Yannawa Police Station on 17 March 2021
24
 
20 March 2021 

Expressing towards the portrait of the King in the #20MarRally at Sanam Luang

Kwamwang (name changed for confidentiality reasons)Violation Section 112 of the Thai Criminal Code Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act
Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”
Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”
Was arrested without a warrant and taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1, Pathum Thani
The police officers scheduled the parents at the Central Juvenile and Family Court on 21 March 2020 in order to examine the arrest.
Bail was granted with a surety of 20,000 baht.
Time (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
25
 
20 March 2021 

Joining #20MarRally and was later arrested at Sapanwanchat Junction

P (name changed for confidentiality reasons)Section 140 of Criminal Code “offense against officials” “Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten” Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse” Emergency Decree Communicable Diseases Act

 

Was arrested without a warrant and taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1, Pathum Thani
the Central Juvenile and Family Court allow temporary release
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
26
 
 
20 March 2021 

 

Joining #20MarRally and was later arrested at Phan Fa Lilat Bridge

Thip (name changed for confidentiality reasons) 

Violation of Section 397 of the Criminal Code “causing trouble to others”

 

Were fined by The police officers from chanasongkram police station with 500 baht each
Wat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Met (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
27
6 March 2021The arrest of We Volunteer group and people at Major Ratchayothin mall before the #6Mar.rally startedD aged 18 year old (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Mongkol aged 19 years old (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Pleum (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Violation of Emergency Decree

Communicable Disease Act

Section 209 of the Criminal Code (a member of a secret society)

Section 210 of the Criminal Code (Comspiracy)

Arrested without arrest warrant before participating in the rally on 6 March 2021.
On the same night, minors’ parents took minors back home and took them to the Central Juvenile and Family Court on 7 March 2021 to examine the arrest. The Court granted bail with 5,000 baht as surety.
On 18 March 2021, acknowledged of the charges at Phahol Yothin Police Station.
28
17 March 2021Hanging the label “Thai Court is injustice” at the Democracy MonumentPol aged 17 years old (name changed for confidentiality reasons)Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the Country
Received a summon warrant issued by Samranrat Police Station.
29
20 March 2021Expression towards the portrait in front of the Ratchada Criminal Court at #20Mar.rallyHaru (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Spring (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Violation of Emergency Decree

The Communicable Disease Act.

Section 215 of the Criminal Code

Section 216  of the Criminal Code

Section 112 of the Criminal Code

Was arrested without the arrest warrant on 20 March 2021 before being taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1.
The police officers scheduled the parents at the Central Juvenile and Family Court to examine the arrest on 21 March 2021. The Court granted bail with 20,000 baht as surety.
30
20 March 2021was arrested at Wanchart Brdige in #20Mar.rallyP (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Violation of Emergency Decree

The communicable Disease Act

Section 140 of the Criminal Code

Section 215 of the Criminal Code

Section 216 of the Criminal Code

Was arrested without arrest warrants on 20 March 2021 and was taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1. Later, were taken to the hospital due to the physically assaulted during the arrest.
the Central Juvenile and Family Court granted bail for temporary release.
31
20 March 2021was arrested at Wanchart Brdige in #20Mar.rally  
32
24 March 2021Joining #24Mar.rally ##เพราะประเทศนี้เป็นของราษฎร (this country belongs to the people) at Ratchaprasong IntersectionKanapos YamsongsonsakViolation of the Emergency Decree
On 8 April 2021, acknowledged of the charge at Lumpini Police Station
33
28 March 2021 Anchan (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Sapphire (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Sand, aged 15 years old

Bee (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Yim (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Hom (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons)

Violation of the Emergency Decree

The Communicable Disease Act

The Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the Country Act

Advertisement by Using Sound Amplifiers Control Act

were arrested without arrest warrant on 28 March 2021 and were then taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1.
the Central Juvenile and Family Court granted bail for temporary release.
34
28 March 2021Rally opposing the dispersal of #หมู่บ้านทะลุฟ้า in the evening at Phanitchayakan IntersectionWat, aged 15 years oldSection 215 of the Criminal Code

Section 392 of the Criminal Code

Section 370 of the Criminal Code

On 2 April 2021, acknowledged of the charges at Nanglearn Police Station