A statistical profile of minors charged for political expression and protest, 2020-2021

*Last updated on 29 July 2021

According to the TLHR database on juvenile prosecution (from 2020 onwards), at least 48 youths from among 48 cases have been prosecuted for political expression and protest.

So far, 34 youths were arrested without warrant; 2 youths were injured during arrest by the police.

There were 8 youths in 8 cases who are filed with Section 112 of the Thai Criminal Code or the “lèse-majesté” law. Among the aforementioned number, one minor was indicted by public prosecutor. The complaints pertaining to royal defamation were initiated by 3 citizens. Among the number, one case was indicted by the public prosecutor.

No.Date of incidentIncriminating offenseName of the alleged offenderCharge(s)Case status
110 September 2020 Joining the #PeopleofNonthaburiAgainstAuthoritarians rally (in Thai: #คนนนท์ไม่ทนเผด็จการ)   at Nonthaburi Pier Thanakorn [surname withheld] (a 17-year-old youth) (1)Violation of the “Sedition” law, or Section 116 of the Criminal CodeAcknowledge a charge at Muang Nonthaburi Police Station on December 8, 2020. 
228 September 2020Joining the #WeAreLookingForTheBigBoss rally (in Thai: #ตามหานาย) in front of the gates of the 4th Cavalry Division King’s GuardPhum Hua Lamphong(a 17-year-old youth) (2)Violation of the Public Assembly ActViolation of the Emergency DecreeAcknowledged charges at Phayathai Police Station on November 4, 2020. On January 26, 2021, the prosecutor did not press charges against Phum within the deadline. The Attorney General’s consent to prosecute will be required should the prosecutor decides to file charges with the court.
313 October  2020Joining the #KhanaRatsadonIsaan rally (in Thai: #คณะราษฎรอีสาน) at Democracy Monument, prior to the major October 14 rallyPhum Hua Lamphong(a 17-year-old youth)Violation of the Emergency DecreeWas detained without a warrant of arrest on October 13, 2020.On January 26, 2021, the prosecutor did not press charges against Phum within the deadline. The Attorney General’s consent to prosecute will be required should the prosecutor decides to file charges with the court.
415 October  2020 Joining the #AtRatchaprasongOnOctober15 rally (in Thai: #15ตุลาไปราชประสงค์) at Ratchaprasong intersection1. Lopnaphat Wangsit (“Min”, an 18-year-old member/co-founder of the “Bad Student” group) (3)2.Kanapod Yeamsanguansak (aka “Phum”, a 16-year-old member of the “Free Student” group) (4)3. Benjamaporn Nivas (aka “Ploy”, a 16-year-old member from the “Bad Student” group) (5) Violation of  the Severe State of Emergency DecreeAcknowledged a charge at Lumpini Police Station  on November 30, 2020.On January 28, 2021, the prosecutor filed a charge at the court. Provisional release was granted to all of them.
516 October  2020Joining the #AtPathumwanIntOnOctober16 rally (in Thai: #16ตุลาไปแยกปทุมวัน) at Pathumwan intersection Phum Hua Lamphong(a 17-year-old youth)Violation of  the Severe State of Emergency DecreeAcknowledged a charge at Pathumwan Police Station on December 7, 2020.
625 October  2020 Joining the #Oct25ToRatchaprasong rally (in Thai: #ม็อบ25ตุลา สี่แยกราชประสงค์)Mimi (a 17-year-old youth)  (6)Violation of the Public Assembly ActViolation of the Emergency DecreeAcknowledged charges at Lumpini Police Station on January 13, 2021. 
729 October  2020Partaking in ‘Commoners’ Runway’ at the #Oct29 rally, in front of the Sri Maha Mariamman Temple, SilomSaichon [name changed for confidentiality reasons](a 16-year-old youth) (7) Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law (1)Acknowledged a charge at Yannawa Police Station on December 17, 2020.The police took him to the Juvenile and Family court and made an application for a detention warrant. He was granted provisional release with 8,000 baht in cash as bail security.
81 November  2020 Joining the #Nov1st rally (in Thai: #ม็อบ1พฤศจิกา) at Udom Suk and Bang Na intersections Thanakorn [surname withheld] (a 17-year-old youth) Violation of the Emergency DecreeAcknowledged a charge at Bang Na Police Station on November 30, 2020.On January 28, 2021, the prosecutor filed the charge at the court. Provisional release was granted.
96 December  2020Joining the #Dec6 rally (in Thai: #ม็อบ6ธันวา) at Wongwian Yai Thanakorn [surname withheld] (a 17-year-old youth) Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law (2)Acknowledged a charge at Buppharam Police Station on January 11, 2021. The police took him to the Juvenile and Family court and made an application for a detention warrant. He was granted provisional release with 5,000 baht in cash as bail security. On May 9, 2021, the prosecutor filed the charge at the Juvenile and Family court.
1020 December  2020  Joined the #LetsWearCropTops parade  at Siam Paragon shopping mall 1. Thanakorn [surname withheld] (a 17-year-old youth)2. “Nat”, a 17-year-old youth (9) Violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law (3)Already acknowledged charges at Pathumwan Police Station on January 20, 2021.
1131 December  2020Joined other We Volunteer (WeVo) protest guards in organising a shrimp sale at the #GrillingShrimp rally, Sanam Luang. The event was intended to help shrimp vendors affected by COVID-19.Phum Hua Lamphong(a 17-year-old youth)Violation of the Emergency Decree  Violation of the Sound Amplifier Act Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Was arrested without a warrant on December 31, 2020.
1231 December  2020Joined other We Volunteer (WeVo) protest guards in organizing a shrimp sale at the #GrillingShrimp rally, Sanam Luang. Pleum [name changed for confidentiality reasons](a 17-year-old youth) (8)Violation of the Emergency DecreeViolation of the Sound Amplifier Act Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Was arrested without a warrant on December 31, 2020.
1331 December  2020Hanging the cloth banner #Repeal112 in front of the Crown Property Bureau and Giant SwingPhum Hua Lamphong (a 17-year-old youth)Violation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryPaying 2,000 baht fine to police at Samsen Police Station on January 26, 2021.
1414 January 2021Protesting against the arrest of Sirichai “New” Natueng, a student activist charged with lèse-majesté law, in front of Khlongluang Police Station Phum Hua Lamphong (a 17-year-old youth)Violation of the Emergency DecreeViolation of the Communicable Diseases Act Contempt of copViolation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, or the lèse majesté law (4)Acknowledged charges at Khlongluang Police Station on February 5, 2021.Went to the police station to acknowledge a charge pertaining to lèse majesté law on March 12, 2021. 
1515 January  2021Joining the mass at Klong Luang Police Station to cheer up “Dave Chayapol” who was reportedly to receive arrest warrantsSainam [name changed for confidentiality reasons] (a 16-year-old youth) Violation of the Emergency Decree Violation of the Sound Amplifier ActViolation of the Communicable Diseases Act Contempt of CopViolation of Section 215 of Thai Criminal Code “Assembly of ten persons or more to threaten or do an act of violence”Already acknowledged charges at Khlong Luang Police Station on February 5, 2021.
1615 January 2021Joining the #Jan16Rally to call for the release of #FreeYouthGuards at SamyanThanakorn [surname withheld] (a 17-year-old youth) Violation of the Emergency Decree Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Already acknowledged charges at Pathumwan Police Station on February 23, 2021. 
1724 January  2021Posting a sticker #Repeal112 at Democracy Monument“Nat”, a 17-year-old youthViolation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryPaying 2,000 baht fine to police at Samranrat Police Station.
181 February  2021Joining the protest against the coup in Myanmar in front of the Embassy of Myanmar “Nat”, a 17-year-old youthViolation of Section 215 of Thai Criminal Code with the second paragraph “Assembly of ten persons or more to threaten or do an act of violence while persons are armed with a weapon” Section 138 of Thai Criminal Code with Section 140 “Altogether resist or obstruct the officials on duty”Section 296 of Thai Criminal Code “Altogether assault the officials on duty which causing a physical or psychological harm”Violation of the Emergency DecreeViolation of the Communicable Diseases Act Already acknowledged charges at Yannawa Police Station on February 19, 2021.
19February 1, 2021Staging a protest in front of Phukhieo Police Station, Chaiyaphum, demanding the police’s apology for harrasing student organizers of the “Ratsadorn on Tour” camp Sand, a 15-year-old youth (10)  Violation of the Emergency DecreeViolation of the Sound Amplifier ActViolation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryAcknowledged charges at Phukhieo Police Station on March 16, 2021. 
20February 8, 2021Joining the #Feb8RallyAgainstCoup in front of Myanmar Embassy. Phum Hua Lamphong (a 17-year-old youth)   Section 138 of Thai Criminal Code  “Altogether resist or obstruct the officials on duty”Violation Violation of Section 215 of Thai Criminal Code “Assembly of ten persons or more to threaten or do an act of violence”Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Acknowledged charges at Yannawa Police Station on March 17, 2021.
2110 February  2021 Joining the #Feb10Rally #BangingPotsandPanstoExpelDictators at Pathumwan Intersection Phum Hua Lamphong (a 17-year-old youth)Owning an illegal handheld transceiver (walkie-talkie) On February 10, 2021, they were arrested without a warrant and informed of charge at Pathuwan Police Station.  
2210 February  2021 Joining the #Feb10Rally #BangingPotsandPanstoExpelDictators at Pathumwan Intersection Fifa, a 16-year-old minor (12)Owning an illegal handheld transceiver (walkie-talkie) On February 10, 2021, they were arrested without a warrant and informed of charge at Pathuwan Police Station.  
2313 February 2021Joining the #Feb13Rally walk from the Democracy Monument to Bangkok City Pillar ShrinePhum Hua Lamphong (a 17-year-old youth)Violation of the Emergency Decree Section 138 of Thai Criminal Code with Section 140 “Altogether resist or obstruct the officials on duty”Violation Violation of Section 215 of Thai Criminal Code “Assembly of ten persons or more to threaten or do an act of violence”Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”Informed of charges at Nanglearn Police Station on March 15, 2021.
2413 February 2021Applying “Repeal 112” stickers on several locations in Phatthalung“Nat”, a 17-year-old youthViolation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryMueang Phatthalung Police Station issued a summons.
25   28 February  2021   Joining the #Feb28Rally from the Victory Monument to the house of General Prayut Chan-o-cha, 1st Infantry Battalion Sainam [name changed for confidentiality reasons](a 16-year-old youth) 









———————–
P [name changed for confidentiality reasons] (a 15-year-old youth) (13)

C [name changed for confidentiality reasons] (a 16-year-old youth) (14)

Guy [name changed for confidentiality reasons] (a 16-year-old youth) (15)
Violation of the Emergency Decree Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”Section 140 of Criminal Code “Threatening an official”Section 296 of Criminal Code “Committing bodily harm”    Arrested without a warrant on February 28, 2021.The police took him to the Juvenile and Family court and made an application for a detention warrant. He was granted provisional release with 15,000 baht in cash as bail security.
———————–
Arrested without a warrant on February 28, 2021. The police took them to the Juvenile and Family court and made an application for a detention warrant. They were released from custody without paid security.Should the accused breach any bail condition, parents shall be held accountable by paying 5,000 baht of the fine to the court. 
2628 February  2021Joining another protest after the #Feb28Rally was dispersed by the police.Money [name changed for confidentiality reasons] (16)Violation of the Emergency Decree Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Section 140 of Criminal Code “Threatening an official”Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”Informed of charges at Din Daeng Police Station, on February 28, 2021.
2728 February  2021 Attending the #Feb28Rally walk from the Victory Monument to the 1st Infantry RegimentPhum Hua Lamphong (a 17-year-old youth)
——————–
Duang [name changed for confidentiality reasons] (17)
Violation of the Emergency Decree Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act Section 140 of Criminal Code “Threatening an official”Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse” 

Informed of charges at Din Daeng Police Station, on April 1, 2021.
————————
Informed of charges at Din Daeng Police Station, on March 7, 2021.
28    6 March 2021     Arrest of We Volunteer staff and civilians at the Major Ratchayothin Shopping Mall prior to the #6MarchRally     D (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (18) 
————————
Mongkol (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (19)

Pleum (name changed for confidentiality reasons)
Violation of the Emergency Decree Violation of the Communicable Diseases ActSection 209 of Thai Criminal Code “Member of Secrete Society”Section 210 of Thai Criminal Code “Conspiracy”Arrested without a warrant on March 6, 2020. At night, their guardians came to pick them up and were instructed to take them to the Central Juvenile and Family Court on the next day for the inspection of the arrest. The Court granted bail with demanded 5,000 baht in cash as surety.  
————————–
Received summon warrants after being informed of charges at Phaholyothin Police Station, March18, 2021.
2917 March 2021Hanging a fabric banner with a slogan “justice doesn’t reside in the court” near the Democracy MonumentPol, aged 17 years old (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (20)Violation of the Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryReceived a summon warrant issued by Samranrat Police Station.
30 20 March 2021  Misconduct towards the portrait of the King in the #20MarRally at Sanam LuangHaru (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (21)

Spring (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (22)
Violation Section 112 of the Thai Criminal Code (5) (6) Violation of the Communicable Diseases Act
Section 215 of the Thai Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”
Section 216 of the Thai Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”
Was arrested without a warrant and taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1, Pathum Thani The police officers scheduled the parents at the Central Juvenile and Family Court on 21 March 2020 in order to examine the arrest. Bail was granted with a surety of 20,000 baht. 
31 20 March 2021  Joining #20MarRally and was later arrested at Sapanwanchat JunctionP (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (23)

Pat (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (24)
Section 140 of Criminal Code “offense against officials” “Section 215 of Criminal Code “Ten persons upwards being assembled together do or threaten”Section 216 of Criminal Code “Refusal to Disperse”Violation of the emergency DecreeViolation of the Communicable Diseases Act Arrested without a warrant and held in custody at Border Patrol Police Region 1, Pathum Thani the Central Juvenile and Family Court granted provisional release 
32  20 March 2021   Joining #20MarRally and was later arrested at Phan Fa Lilat BridgeThip (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (25)

Wat (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (26)

Met (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (27)
  Violation of Section 397 of the Criminal Code “causing trouble to others”  Were fined by The police officers from chanasongkram police station with 500 baht each 
3324 March 2021Joining #24Mar.rally ##เพราะประเทศนี้เป็นของราษฎร (this country belongs to the people) at Ratchaprasong IntersectionKanapod YeamsanguansakViolation of the Emergency DecreeOn 8 April 2021, acknowledged of the charge at Lumpini Police Station
3428 March 2021Participating in #ThroughTheSkyVillage (in Thai: #หมู่บ้านทะลุฟ้า), a protest site adjacent to Chamai Maru-chet Bridge and Government House of ThailandAnchan (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (28) Sapphire (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (29)Sand, aged 15 years oldBee (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (30)Yim (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (31)Hom (name changed for confidentiality reasons) (32)Violation of the Emergency Decree The Communicable Disease ActThe Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the Country ActAdvertisement by Using Sound Amplifiers Control Actwere arrested without arrest warrant on 28 March 2021 and were then taken to the Border Patrol Police Region 1.the Central Juvenile and Family Court granted bail for temporary release.
3528 March 2021Rally opposing the dispersal of #หมู่บ้านทะลุฟ้า in the evening at Phanitchayakan IntersectionWat, aged 15 years old (33)Section 215 of the Criminal Code Section 392 of the Criminal CodeSection 370 of the Criminal CodeOn 2 April 2021, acknowledged of the charges at Nanglearn Police Station
3626 March 2021“Craving for Koi” rallyCarnay, a 15-year-old. (34) Natjiko, a 15-year-old. (35)Thuangok, a 15-year-old (36)Philly, a 15-year-old (37)Choo, a 15-year-old (38)Public Assembly ActAcknowledged the charge at the Mueang Roi-Et Police Station. They were fined for 2,000 baht each
3728 April 2021The settlement of the protestor in front of the Ratchada Criminal Court. He was arrested at night.Phol (Pseudonym), a 17-year-old.Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryFined for 200 Baht
3828 April 2021The settlement of the protestor in front of the Ratchada Criminal Court. He was arrested at night.Phol (Pseudonym), a 17-year-old.Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryFined for 100 Baht
3928 April 2021The settlement of the protestor in front of the Ratchada Criminal Court. He was arrested at night.Phol (Pseudonym), a 17-year-old.Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryFined for 100 Baht
 402 May 2021Joining REDEM #2MayRally  in front of the Ratchada Criminal CourtTheerasak (surname withheld), a 16-year-old. (39)Emergency Decree Article 138, 215, and 358 of the Criminal CodeWas arrested without a warrant on 2 May 2021. The Central Juvenile and Family Court granted bail to him.
412 May 2021Joining REDEM #2MayRally  in front of the Ratchada Criminal CourtNat, a 17-year-old Phum Hualumphong (Pseudonym)Saharat (surname withheld) (40)Pleum (Pseudonym)Emergency Decree Article 138, 215, 216, and 198 “Insulting the Court” of the Thai Criminal Code.Informed of charges at Phaholyothin Police Station, June 24, 2021. Despite the already issued summons, the police also submitted application for custodial order to the court. The Central Juvenile and Family Court granted provisional release without submission of surety.
4227 November 2020Joining #27Nov.Rally, against coup, at Ladphrao intersection.Taweewat (surname withheld), a 17-year-old. (41)Article 310 of the Criminal Code (illegal detention) Article 139 of the Criminal Code (coercing the official by acts of violence)Informed of charges at Phaholyothin Police Station, June 4, 2021. Despite the already issued summons, the police also submitted application for custodial order to the court. The Central Juvenile and Family Court granted provisional release and demanded 3,000 baht in cash as surety. 
43 24 May 2020Allegedly posted comments which criticised the King Rama XI in Facebook Public Page called ‘Royalist Marketplace’ and those comments and expression seems to threaten the King Rama IX. Phat (full name withheld), a 16-year-old youth. (42)Article 112 of the Criminal Code (7)On 1 May 2021, Phat acknowledged his charge at Bang Kaew police station, Samut Prakan province.  Prior, On 1 September 2020, Phat was informed that police came and visited his grandfather who lives outside Bangkok.
44 Expression on Facebook(full name withheld), a 14-year-old youth from Phitsanulok province. (43)Article 112 of the Criminal Code (8)Receiving a summons from Muang Phitsanulok Police Station. 
454 July 2021Holding a sign said “waiting for vaccines” towards the motorcade of Health Minister at Chiang Rai provinceChiang rai youth (44)Failed to carry national identity cardBandu Police Station fined for 100 baht
4618 July 2021Joining a rally on 18 July marching from Democracy monument to the Government house (arrested in Bang Khen Police Station area)15 year-old female youth(45)

17 year-old female youth(46)

17 year-old male youth(47)

17 year-old youth (48)
Emergency DecreeArrested without warrants and were taken to The Border patrol Police Region 1 to acknowledge charges
477 July 2021Spraying color on the road in the rally held in front of Ministry of Public HealthMimi, Sainam, and Benjamaphorn Act on the Maintenance of the Cleanliness and Orderliness of the CountryEach was fined for 5,000 baht at Nonthaburi Police Station
4818 July 2021Sticking a note and spraying color on the King Rama 10’s portrait in the rally held on 18 July 2021Sainam Article 112, 217, and 358 of the Criminal Code and The breach of Emergency Decree,Acknowledged charges at Nang Loeng Police Station on 24 July 2021

X